Research Assignment: Quantitative Article Review and Critique
By now, you should be aware that the findings from a research study are only part of the story. As a consumer, hoping to inform practice by use of an evidence base, you want to know much more. A sound research study includes all the steps highlighted in previous weeks: reviewing existing literature, focusing a research question, choosing a qualitative or quantitative method for answering the question, designing the study including selection of data collection procedures and/or measures, procedures used, data analysis plan, and findings. In addition, the study commonly discusses how ethical concerns were addressed and acknowledges the limitations of the study. For this assignment, you review a published research study with two purposes in mind:
• Observing the structure and content of the article
• Comparing the content of the article to the recommended content of sections for a research study.
Article: Social Work Perceptions of Transformational and Transactional Leadership in Health Care by Zvi D. Gellis.
In approximately 7-10 pages (including title page and references), address the following questions.
– After reading the entire article, do you think the title adequately describes the study? Does the title catch your attention? Please explain.
– Does the abstract contain the recommended content (see “Abstract,” pp. 314, in Yegidis et al.)? How difficult do you think it is to summarize so much information in 150-250 words? Explain.
– Why did the authors conduct this study and write this article? What was the problem of interest or concern? Be specific. Use quotes and paraphrases with citations. What audience might be interested in this study?
– Do you feel the problem is significant enough to warrant a journal article? Did you have a “so what” reaction? If so, why do you think it was accepted for publication? Please justify your position.
– To what extent does the literature presented in the introduction help you understand the problem? How does the literature reviewed put the problem in context? Be specific.
– Does the researcher indicate how this research is different from and/or similar to earlier ones reported in the literature? Summarize what this article intends to add to the knowledge base.
– Do the authors state their research questions and/or hypotheses? What are the hypotheses or focused research questions?
– What specific quantitative method is used? How does a quantitative research design correspond with the research questions or hypotheses? Can you determine whether the design was appropriate?
To what extent can the design answer the research questions or address the stated hypotheses? Elaborate.
– What were the variables under study? If relevant, identify the main dependent and independent variables. If not relevant, why are there no dependent and independent variables? What instruments or observations were used in the research? Explain why you do, or do not, think that the methods used to collect the data are described clearly enough to allow for replication. Be specific and please elaborate.
– Explain whether or not information was provided concerning the reliability and validity of these instruments or observations. Was this information adequate? How does the presence or absence of information about reliability and validity affect your confidence in the quality of the study? What have the authors done to address or strengthen internal validity? Be specific.
– How were the participants recruited or selected for the study? What sampling strategy was used? Is the sample large enough to address the hypotheses and research questions? Did the author(s) offer any justification for the sample size? Are you satisfied with the information reported about the sample? What questions might you have about the sample that were not addressed? Please be sure to provide an explanation for all of your answers.
– Are the demographics of the participants (e.g., background characteristics such as age, race, etc.) described in sufficient detail? If so, how is the presentation of this descriptive data useful in evaluating the research? If not, please explain how that may affect the evaluation of the research.
– Was the sample reflective of the population from which it was drawn? Is representativeness important in this research? Please explain.
– Explain any ethical concerns you may have about the sample and how the sample was recruited.
– How were the data analyzed? (What statistical techniques were used?) Be specific.
– Explain how easy or difficult it was for you to understand the reporting of results. What questions do you have after reading the results section? Please elaborate.
– Do you feel the results of this study have meaning for social work practitioners or managers? Please elaborate.
– Explain whether or not the authors made sense of their data in the discussion section. Explain why you think the conclusions are (or are not) reasonable.
– Did the authors discuss the limitations of their study? Did they stay within the limitations of their findings, or did they make more of their findings than was warranted? Please elaborate.
– Did the author(s) suggest issues that future research should consider? If so, were there any surprises? Please elaborate.
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
1. The answer should be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.
2. The response also include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.
3. Also Include a reference page. The Citations and references should follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.