Oral and Parenteral Medication Administration Skills & Reasoning Case Study

Oral and Parenteral Medication Administration Skills & Reasoning Case Study.

Oral and Parenteral Medication Administration Skills & Reasoning Suggested Answer Guidelines Primary Concept Perfusion Interrelated Concepts (In order of e mphasis) • Gas Exchange • Clinical Judgment • Patient Education NCLEX Client Need Categories Percentage of Items from Each Category/ Subcategory Covered in Case Study Safe and Effective Care Environment ✓ Management of Care 17-23% ✓ ✓ Safety and Infection Control 9-15% Health Promotion and Maintenance 6-12% ✓ Psychosocial Integrity 6-12% ✓ Physiological Integrity ✓ Basic Care and Comfort 6-12% ✓ ✓ Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies 12-18% ✓ ✓ Reduction of Risk Potential 9-15% ✓ ✓ Physiological Adaptation 11-17% ✓ History of Present Problem: Jerry Williams is a 62-year old obese (BMI 35.2) Caucasian male with a history of diastolic heart failure and type II diabetes. Last evening, he began having difficulty breathing with activity. He thought he might be getting a cold because he had a runny nose. He reports more swelling in his lower legs the past couple days. He woke up this morning with increased difficulty breathing when he woke up and his wife called 911. Paramedics report that his initial VS: HR:92 RR: 28 BP: 172/88 O2 sat: 80% on room air with scattered expiratory wheezing bilat. He was placed on oxygen by facemask and albuterol nebulizer administered with some improvement in his breathing. His RR is now 24 upon arrival to the emergency department ED). His initial labs have resulted; creatinine of 2.5 (last adm. 1.8), K+ 3.5 (last adm. 3.7) and BNP 944 (last adm. 322). Jerry is given furosemide 40 mg IV in the ED and had 800 mL urine output in the last hour. He is admitted to cardiac telemetry, and you are the nurse responsible for his care.