NIU NURS435 Older Adult Interview Assignment

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NIU NURS435 Older Adult Interview Assignment


School of Nursing and Health Studies.

NURS 435 Gerontological Nursing

Older Adult Interview Assignment Guidelines

Overview and Purpose

The purpose of this assignment is to communicate with an
older adult using an interview format.
The student conducts the interview in the first weeks of the semester
and analyzes the information learned during the interview. A formal written report and analysis of the
interview will be submitted on the date identified in the course schedule.

Guidelines for Interview

1. Develop an
interview guide of at least 6 – 10 questions.
Questions should address functional issues, health status, ADLs/IADLs,
socialization, caregiving, and quality of life.
You may select questions from the SAMPLE list at the end of these
guidelines, and/or develop questions of your own. Please do not use the list entirely as

2. Identify an
older adult (65 years and older) to interview.
This can be a family member, friend, or patient/client. Obtain verbal consent and indicate that this
is for a class assignment and you will not use names or private information in
your documentation of the interview. The
interview must be conducted outside of a classroom or clinical experience.

3. Plan an
interview of at least 30 minutes. Select
a setting for the interview where privacy can be maintained. Be sure to conduct the interview in a
professional manner, using Mr./Mrs./Ms. or the interviewee’s preferred name to
address the person.

4. Use notes to
document responses to the questions and to record observations related to the
behaviors and mood of the older adult as questions are asked. Do NOT submit the documentation of the
interview to the course professor.
Protect your notes and the anonymity and confidentiality rights of the
person you interviewed; destroy/shred them after your evaluated assignment is
returned to you.

5. Write a formal
paper outlining the content of the interview and analyzing the responses (see
Paper Guidelines).

Sample Interview Questions

1. Do you
consider yourself old? At what ages (or stages) did you notice that you were
getting older?

2. Do you
consider yourself healthy? Please

3. What do you do
to maintain your health?

4. Do you have a
chronic illness? How do you manage this
illness (MD visits or other healthcare services, medications, diet, life style)? What is challenging to you in this

5. Do you have
challenges with IADLs and/or ADLs? Which
ones and what types of challenges?

6. What do you do
to stay independent? What types of
transportation do you use to maintain your activities?

7. What do you do
for socialization and how often?

8. Are you a
caregiver for another person? How does
that affect your health and independence? Do you depend upon others to help
you? Who helps you and how?

9. Have you ever
experienced a negative attitude or discrimination because of your age?

10. Describe a recent
interaction with the healthcare system.
What advice would you give to healthcare providers (MDs, nurses, etc.)
who provide services to older adults?

Paper Guidelines

The paper should be 3 to 5 pages double-spaced (excluding
title, reference, and appendix) using APA format; an abstract is not required
and personal pronouns may be used. Include the academic integrity statement
provided below on the title page. Use the following headings (using APA format)
to organize your paper and to address and analyze the content of the
interview. I’ve provided general
guidelines for the space of each section.

Introduction: Whom did you interview and where and when did you conduct
the interview? Describe the characteristics of the person including age and
gender. Did you have an existing relationship with this person (family member,
neighbor, etc.)? Where and when did you conduct the interview? Do not provide any identifying data (actual
name, address, birthdate) (1 paragraph)

• Focus of
Interview: Describe the focus of your interview and a summary of the older
adult’s responses to your questions (2-3 paragraphs). Do not restate every
question and response. Include a list of the questions you used in an appendix
to the paper.

• Analysis of
Interview Responses: Reflect on the responses from the interview. Are these consistent with information
addressed in the textbook and in other publications? Cite at least 2 references
including the textbook and a scholarly journal to support your claims. (2-3

• Analysis of
Communication during Interview: Summarize your feelings before and after the
interview. What was the most important
“take home message” that you learned by conducting this interview? (1 -2

Recommendations for Nurses: What are the implications of this interview
for nurses in providing safe, evidence-based, patient-centered, and culturally appropriate
care to older adults? Demonstrate reflection and critical thinking in this
section. (1- 2 paragraphs)

• References:
You will need to include a reference list for references cited in the paper.
The list should include at least one reference that is a scholarly publication
and the course textbook.

Evaluation Criteria

Introduction: Describes the person, time and place of
interview but protects the person’s anonymity. Includes statement of academic
integrity on the title page below name.

5 Points

Focus of Interview: Clearly summarizes the content of
interview questions and responses from the older adult. Represents 6 – 10 interview questions.
Includes actual list of questions in an appendix.

10 Points

Analysis of Interview Responses: Demonstrates reflection and
critical thinking in analyzing responses. Compares to published information.
Provides sufficient citations to support claims. Utilizes a minimum of 2

10 Points

Analysis of Communication during Interview: Summarizes
personal feelings. Identifies the most
important personal “take home message.”

5 Points

Recommendations for Nurses: Discusses implications of the
interview for nurses in providing safe, evidence-based, patient-centered, and
culturally appropriate care to older adults.
Demonstrates reflection and critical thinking in making recommendations.

10 Points

References: Includes all cited references on list; includes
at least one scholarly article and the Touhy & Jett textbook. Adheres to
APA format on reference list and throughout paper

5 Points

Writing Mechanics: Adheres to rules for professional writing
in terms of language used, punctuation, grammar, and spelling. Personal pronouns are permitted per APA
guidelines. Length is 3-5 pages (title and reference pages not included).

5 Points



Academic Integrity Statement

Please place the following statement at the bottom of your
title page.

I verify that I actually conducted the interview with an
older adult that was reported in my paper submitted on (insert date here). I conducted this interview outside of a
scheduled classroom or clinical experience. I understand my responsibility to
uphold the NIU Student Code of Conduct and the ethics of the nursing