HLT 324v Week 4 Complete Latest

HLT 324v Week 4 Complete Latest

HLT 324v Week 4 Complete Latest

HLT324V

HLT 324V Week 4 Discussion 1

Describe the spectrum of death and dying rituals and practices. Why are death and dying rituals so significant?

HLT 324V Week 4 Discussion 2

What death and dying practices are contrary to your personal beliefs or chosen religious values? How will you support a patient’s death and dying rituals and practices, and still honor your own?

HLT 324V Week 4 Case Study: Through the Eyes of the Patient and the Health Care Professional

Topic: Spiritual and Cultural Emphases on Death and Dying

Allied health professionals are confronted with different death and dying practices. An effective allied health professional recognizes the importance of understanding different cultural practices, and learns how to evaluate the death, dying, and spiritual beliefs and practices across the cultures.

Read the two specified case histories and choose one for this assignment.

Chapter 4, “Stories of Abby: An Ojibwa Journey” and Chapter 14, “Stories of Shanti: Culture and Karma,” by Gelfland, Raspa, and Sherylyn, from End-of-Life Stories: Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries (2005), available in the GCU Library:

http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://site.ebrary.com/lib/grandcanyon/Doc?id=10265487

Identify your role as a health care professional in supporting Abby or Shanti’s dying rituals, and in creating strategies for displaying respect while still providing quality care. Integrate your strategies as you develop a care plan describing how you would approach the situation and care for the patient. Review the “Care Plan” template prior to beginning. Assignment: HLT 324v Death and Dying GCU

Include the following in your care plan:

Communication: family and patient

Treatment options that align with the specific culture

Education: family and patient

Family roles in the process

Spiritual beliefs

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Barriers

Cultural responses

Any additional components that you feel would need to be addressed (from your perspective as a health care professional)

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Case Study on Death and Dying

Death and dying presents challenges to people in real life and are bitter experiences of realities that individuals and communities must deal with based on their religious and philosophical perspectives. Issues like suicide and euthanasia remain controversial and unacceptable among certain religious affiliations and philosophical underpinnings. The Christian worldview concerning death and aspects like euthanasia are founded from the biblical interpretations on God’s teachings and purpose of humanity (Astrachan et al., 2020). In this case study on death and dying, the essay analyses the situation of George who has recently been diagnosed with a degenerative condition called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) which leads to eventual paralysis and inability to move muscles before one dies. Based on the Christian worldview, the paper makes a critical analysis of the situation and ethics involved on issues like euthanasia that the patient is contemplating to end his eventual suffering and disease burden to the family and society.

George’s Interpretation of His Suffering in Christian Narrative with Emphasis on the Fallenness of the World

Christians believe that suffering and fallenness of the world arise from disobedience to God’s commandment during the fall of Adam when he ate from the forbidden tree. The fallenness of the world was the beginning of the separation between man and God and start of man’s suffering as God pronounced a curse on Eve and her offspring. God told man that he must toil to feed and suffering in different forms, including incurable diseases, will be part of his life.

In this case, George should understand that due to the fallenness of the world and suffering being part of life, individuals experience pain and unpleasant events in their lives and can only hope for God’s interventions and grace. Through this perspective, George would understand the problem of evil and suffering in the world is not just for Christians but an issue that all people, both believers and non-believers have to overcome or encounter (Choundry et al., 2018). The difference is how George will choose to approach and understand his current suffering as a Christian. George needs to know that while his condition is incurable, all is possible with faith as it plays as significant role in helping him understand the current situations.

George should link his suffering to being a sinner as God declared sinning as the main cause of suffering. George needs to know that suffering emanated from the sinful nature of human beings which makes them exposed to God’s punishment. George should look at the creation story and understand that he has not caused anything based on his condition but only because God has allowed suffering to afflict humans so that they can understand his power (Astrachan et al., 2020). George needs to know that God created a perfect world but due to sin, humans suffer and die. God as demonstrated through the story of Job, allows even to afflict his people but in due course reclaims them back to show that he is powerful. George must know that his suffering will make him stronger and close to God because he will justify through his love. By understanding that his suffering comes due to the fall of man and not God, George would make sense of his situation and keep his faith.

Interpretation of Suffering in Christian Narrative with Emphasis on Hope of Resurrection

The hope of resurrection according to the Christian narrative is through Jesus Christ who brought redemption (Fortuin et al., 2019). Therefore, despite his current condition and suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the impending loss of dignity and eventual death from a non-curable disease, it would be important for George to realize that God’s creation plan does not end with death but resurrection of the soul. After the fall of man in the Garden of Eden and the corruption of his creation by Satan, sin and decay, God initiated a remedy to fix the brokenness that hurts human beings. God sent his son, Jesus Christ, who came in human flesh and took all the effects of the fallenness and sins upon himself and defeated the power it has on human beings. Therefore, George can believe and hope that he shall be redeemed through Jesus Christ despite his current condition.  Jesus was rejected and humiliated to the point of death but bore all the suffering because he wanted to save humanity and complete God’s redemption plan.

Death is evil but Jesus defeated it on the cross. Therefore, death is a defeated villain and human beings hope that they will defeat it and rise again when Christ comes back. God continues to redeem the broken souls and will redeem people from death. The implication is that George should not fear death because of his condition since he shall live again (Hesslein, 2019). George should perceive the suffering as the will of God to help him get close to Him and live according to His will and plans. by perceiving the current condition as God’s will, George will strengthen his hope and become steadfast in his convictions and grow leaps in faith. George must interpret his suffering with the hope that it offers benefits as opposed to unpleasant outcomes. While some Christians may view their suffering as punishment from God, it still indicates that He has great love for humanity and encourages people to live according to God’s purpose. George needs to know that even if he dies, he has the hope to resurrect with Christ and live again. These reasons can help him to assess his life and repent and believe that God has forgiven his sins and his suffering will end after death.

Christian Worldview informing View about the Value of His Life as a Person

According to the Christian worldview, life is a precious gift from God and should not be taken away by any person but only God through natural ways. Christians view life as sacred and which should be protected from any interference irrespective of one’s health condition and situation. In this case, George needs to understand that while amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative condition, there is nothing that he can do to take away his life or make irrational decisions. George is expected to endure the pain and all experiences linked to the condition. A painful experience like his is experiencing should not make an individual make a decision to end their lives. Christians believe that one must hold on their faith even in painful situations and when facing immense pain.

George needs to know that despite his condition and even its eventuality, he is valued and has inherent dignity as a person. He must know that human beings are born free and exercise freewill despite any disabilities or conditions that may have profound impact on them. George’s life is still valuable before God. George needs to understand that God has reasons to allow him go through this difficult situation. George needs to figure out what God is attempting to teach him using the condition and utilize the insight to glorify God in his life. George should continue to bear his suffering in virtue of respecting life and the Christian teachings on value of life as being God’s gift.

Values and Considerations Concerning Euthanasia by George from a Christian Worldview

Christianity like other religions has expectations form followers and one of them is that irrespective of one’s situation, none is allowed to kill since it is against God’s commandments. The fifth commandment is emphatic that one should not kill. The Christian values of the sanctity and holiness of life implore one to know that any form of intentional killing is not permitted (Boheng, 2020). The considerations in this case is that even when dies from unjustified situations and conditions like George’s, they must know that it is not permanent and that they will resurrect with Jesus. Christian view everything and suffering as God’s will and the final hope of life after death and Jesus’s resurrection. The implication is that euthanasia is killing and George should not think about the issue.

Pains and hard times are meant to test one’s faith and not to make irrational decisions or choices like committing suicide (Wallace et al., 2019). Euthanasia may demonstrate his autonomy but does not provide benefits and therefore violates the principle of non-maleficence (Hesslein, 2019). The implication is that George need to know that Christianity does not support euthanasia and by contemplating to have it, he implies that he does not hold the Christian values and biblical teachings. George should consider his life and sickness as God’s working in his life and doing his will. He must know that God has a purpose for him and the lives of all people despite the difficulties and sufferings that people may endure in their lives.

Morally Justified Options for George from the Christian Worldview

Christians believe that nothing is impossible before God and even incurable conditions and situations can be reversed through miraculous healing. The first morally justified option for George is to be steadfast in his faith and hope that with the interventions from physicians and other healthcare providers, he will get better. He must continue to take necessary steps based on medical advice and recommendations from the physicians (Hesslein, 2019). George knows that his condition is degenerative and may happen fast or slow but he must maintain his hope and faith that all will be well. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable condition and George needs to make effective efforts to maintain his routine activities with his family and show them love like before for the remaining time while alive. He does not know when the degeneration will begin and it would be important to spend each moment preciously with the family and prepare them psychologically and mentally.

George should stop contemplating euthanasia and believe that with prayers and dedication to God’s will, he can live quality life despite his condition. He must try to be close to the family, friends and even develop a positive approach to life knowing that the quality of the remaining part if his life will be determined by his approach and perspective about the current condition. He must understand that his death through euthanasia may traumatize the family and lead to possible depression. The implication is that his faith and family support should allow him to survive and manage the hard times ahead while placing his believe in positive mindset.

Decision in George’s Situation

George’s situation is sad and depressing and no one would like to be associated with the same. George’s condition is chronic illness without any cure. Based on my Christian worldview, I would try to focus on the medical interventions as suggested by physicians and medical practitioners to help lead quality life despite the condition. I must understand that while the condition is dilapidating and devastating, one can survive based on hope and having strong faith. I believe that I will not commit suicide or contemplate euthanasia but hope in the natural course of events with emphasis on healing and recovery through prayers and other interventions.

Conclusion

Christianity views life as God’s gift and only God has the power to take life away. Suffering is part of life and comes in different ways that include chronic diseases and conditions. Suffering brings man close to God and is not about punishing one for their sins. The sinful human nature is responsible for the suffering that many endure in the world. human beings should accept suffering and in this case, George needs to know that it is part of life despite his condition. He should not give up and surrender to unethical and irrational ways because of fearing what will happen to him before his death. Christians believe that there is life after death and one should remain hopeful and faithful in suffering.

References

Astrachan, J. H., Astrachan, C. B., Campopiano, G., & Baù, M. (2020). Values, spirituality and

religion: Family business and the roots of sustainable ethical behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 163(4), 637-645.

Boheng, I. (2020). The Doctrine of Imago Dei and the Challenge of Euthanasia. E-Journal of

Religious and Theological Studies (EJRATS), 6(3): 158-168. DOI: 10.38159/erats.2020062

Choundry, M, Latif, A. & Warburton, K. W (2018). An overview of the spiritual importance of

end-of-life care among the five major faiths of the United Kingdom. Clinical Medicine (London), 18(1):23-31. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.18-1-23

Fortuin, N. P. M., Schilderman, J. B. A. M. & Venbrux, E. (2019). Determining the end of life: a

qualitative study of religion and euthanasia among older Dutch adults. Mortality: Promoting the Interdisciplinary Study of Death and Dying, 25(2): 167-184. https://doi.org/10.1080/13576275.2019.1584165

Hesslein, K. D. (2019). Free to Die: A Lutheran-Relational Approach to Medical Assistance in

Dying. Religions, 11(213). doi:10.3390/rel11040213

Wallace, C. L., Cohen, H. L., & Jenkins, D. A. (2019). Transforming students’ attitudes and

anxieties toward death and loss: The role of prior death experiences. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying, 79(1), 52-71.

 

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