Explain how the data set relates to your Final Project with attached file

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Explain how the data set relates to your Final Project with attached file

ubmit a 2- to 3-page paper in which you:

  • Explain how the data set relates to your Final Project.
  • Evaluate the data set for validity and integrity. Explain whether the data are valid and reliable and justify your response.
  • Explain possible strategies for overcoming the limitations of the secondary data.
  • Explain the process for selecting a data set and determining its integrity. Provide a rationale for your answer.

Support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct.

Running head: MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 1 Mental Health Issues Name Institutional Affiliation MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 2 Mental Health Issues Section I Summarize The Health Problem Related To The Particular Community You Identified For Your Final Project. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention statistics show that approximately 9% of all Americans suffer from feelings of despondence, hopelessness and are diagnosed with depression. At any given time in America, 3% of adults are suffering from major depression. Major depression s characterized as prolonged and severe depression. The CDC holds that understanding the statistics surrounding depression will help the community paint a more accurate picture of the impact that depression has in America. Race has been cited as a factor in the prevalence of depression. African Americans, for instance, have ben categorized as having a reduced rate of depression compared to their White counterparts. However, a study by the CDC shows that African Americans are currently leading in the prevalence of depression. However, combating depression in the community is influenced by beliefs about stigma, psychological openness, and help seeking. The present research aims to address the issues surrounding the stigma African Americans males face in their efforts to seek treatment for depression. Research Question Related To A Problem. What are the beliefs of stigma, psychological openness, and help-seeking that affect the treatment of depression among African American males? MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 3 Rationale for Your Selection of This Question, Along With Supporting Data The African American community is disproportionately represented in the American criminal justice system. People of color make 60% of the people in prison, 37% of people who are arrested on drug charges, and 14% of illicit drug users among others. The American Psychological Association consists of less than 2% of members of the African American community. Due to the community’s underrepresentation in mental health organizations, practitioners have expressed concern over lack of necessary competence to treat specific issues in the community. The concerns are compounded by instances of racism when seeking treatment. Stigma and judgment are barriers to seeking treatment. Research shows that African Americans believe that crazy can be used to indicate anxiety or depression, and discussions on mental illness are inappropriate within their families. The focus of the research question will be to show how the stigma surrounding depression among the community has influenced its treatment. Section II Resources on the Identified Public Health Problem Related To the Research Question 1. Brown, C., Conner, K. O., Copeland, V. C., Grote, N., Beach, S., Battista, D., & Reynolds, C. F. (2010). DEPRESSION STIGMA, RACE, AND TREATMENT SEEKING BEHAVIOR AND ATTITUDES. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(3), 350–368. http://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20368 In the study, Brown, et al, (2010), looks at the correlation between stigma and treatment attitudes in the African American and white community. The findings of the study are based on surveys MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 4 conducted via telephone to assess aspects like symptoms, demography, stigma, and attitudes related to treatment and behaviors. The findings of the study show that stigma mediated the relationship between attitudes of mental health. Using within group analysis, the study shows how among the African American community, stigma is directly related to mental health treatment attitudes. The significance of the study is the within group analysis that shows the relation between Whites and African Americans when it comes to issues of stigma in mental health. 2. Conner, K. O., Copeland, V. C., Grote, N. K., Rosen, D., Albert, S., McMurray, M. L., … & Koeske, G. (2010). Barriers to treatment and culturally endorsed coping strategies among depressed African-American older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 14(8), 971983. Conner, et al, (2010) shows how older adults are at a higher risk of depression yet less likely to seek treatment for the same. The problem is more prevalent among African American males compared to any ethnic group. Conner, et al, (2010) conducts a qualitative study that seeks to examine the experiences of depressed males of African American community and the barriers they encountered when seeking help. Using interviews, Conner, et al, (2010) collected qualitative data that showed that older men in the African American community face stigma when seeking mental illness treatment. Conner, et al, (2010) strengths is based on the study’s analysis of beliefs about depression, barriers to seeking treatment, and coping strategies that are endorsed in the culture. However, the study used 37 interviews which are not sufficiently representative of the community. The study will be useful when seeking content on qualitative information on the issue addressed in the research. MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 5 3.Canli, T. (2014). Reconceptualizing major depressive disorder as an infectious disease. Biology of mood & anxiety disorders, 4(1), 10. The author of the article explained that major depressive disorder results from pathogens, which include bacteria and virus. Moreover, the author postulates that the human body provides the environment where the pathogenic microorganisms thrive and bring about the depressive disorders. Furthermore, the author of the article argues that major depressive disorder is the common mental disease. he author elaborated that pharmacological treatment techniques are still similar as the past. Furthermore, the author suggested that major depressive disorder may be perceived or understood as another form of contagious infection. The author has explained how patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder also show symptoms of sickness and hence argues that major depressive disorder is an infectious disease. Besides, the author was able to explain how the pathogenic microorganisms like the virus and bacteria alter the emotional behavior of individuals infected. In my opinion, the author’s argument was based on evidence and hence considers it as relevant. The author’s work still needs more elaboration from the conducted research studies and hence opens a gap filled by future researchers on the same field. 4.Hankerson, S. H., Suite, D., & Bailey, R. K. (2015). Treatment Disparities among African American Men with Depression: Implications for Clinical Practice. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 26(1), 21–34. http://doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2015.0012 Despite the efforts by various organizations to raise awareness of depression, African American men are still under utilizing the treatment options available. Hankerson, Suite, & Bailey, (2015) look at complex socio-cultural issues ranging from racism and discrimination, misdiagnosis, support networks, to cultural mistrust that impact disparities in treatment for depression. Using secondary research, Hankerson, Suite, & Bailey, (2015) recommends ways that African American men can be encouraged to seek treatment for mental health care. The strength of the research is on addressing how African American men are impacted by an array of factors in their efforts to seek treatment, playing in the research question that the study aims to MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 6 investigate. However, Hankerson, Suite, & Bailey, (2015) is a commentary that gathers data from secondary sources and no primary data to support its conclusion. 5.Hudson, D. L., Eaton, J., Banks, A., Sewell, W., & Neighbors, H. (2018). “Down in the Sewers”: Perceptions of Depression and Depression Care Among African American Men. American journal of men’s health, 12(1), 126-137. Depression is among the leading psychiatric disorders in America. Among the leading disparities in its treatment is the under use of treatment among men of African American community. There is no sufficient information on what is appropriate or acceptable with regards to treatment of depression. Hudson, Eaton, Banks, Sewell, & Neighbors, (2018) conducted a study with the aim to examine the perception surrounding depression and ascertain barriers to treatment of the condition in the community. Hudson, Eaton, Banks, Sewell, & Neighbors, (2018) used focus groups whose results showed that most men had never used treatment of depression and identified barriers for instance, aspects of masculinity and mistrust of the system. The findings of the research show the need to offer appropriate treatment options in the community. The appropriateness of the study conducted by Hudson, Eaton, Banks, Sewell, & Neighbors, (2018) is in the timeliness, considering it was concluded in 2018. Moreover, the study offers insights into the community. 6.Ward, E., Wiltshire, J. C., Detry, M. A., & Brown, R. L. (2013). African American Men and Women’s Attitude Toward Mental Illness, Perceptions of Stigma, and Preferred Coping Behaviors. Nursing Research, 62(3), 185–194. http://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0b013e31827bf533 MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES 7 Ward, Wiltshire, Detry, & Brown, (2013) seeks to cover the gap in gender and age differences among African Americans with regards to mental illness. The objective of the research is to show whether beliefs, attitudes, and coping with mental illness are influenced by gender. The research uses exploratory cross-sectional survey. The results indicate that depression has no gender differences in the community with regards to its prevalence. However, the community in general is not open to acknowledging the existence of a problem, with their primary concern being stigma that comes with mental illness. The findings of the research show that there is stigma, which will be addressed in the present research. The strength of the study by Ward, Wiltshire, Detry, & Brown, (2013) is in how the researchers sought to understand mental illness from the point of age and gender. Problem Areas and Gaps in the Existing Research Revealed By the Annotated Bibliography. Despite the increased research into the issue of mental health in the African American community with regards to stigma, there is still need for more research into how these three components come together: What are the beliefs of stigma, psychological openness, and helpseeking that affect the treatment of depression among African American males?

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Explain how the data set relates to your Final Project

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